Conflict context in Nigeria

Since 1999, after decades of military rule, Nigeria has steadily transitioned to democratic governance. Today, it is Africa’s largest country – demographically and economically.

Yet, despite its vast human and natural resource wealth and an increasingly active civil society, years of corruption and clientelism has led to infrastructural decay and policies that have left the average citizen behind.

Failure to acknowledge community grievances, exploitation of existing intercommunal tensions, rapid demographic growth, climate change and dwindling natural resources have only exacerbated the situation.

In the Niger Delta region in the south, for example, agitation for increased local ownership of oil resources and social development metamorphosed into armed militancy that has seen a recent resurgence. And in the southeast, the wounds of the 1960s civil war continue to fester and a small but influential secessionist movement has burgeoned.

While in the northeast, violence by the insurgent group Boko Haram has led to large-scale death and displacement. And in the impoverished northwest, an increase in banditry is claiming lives and property.

Meanwhile the centre of the country has become a hotbed of herder–farmer tensions and conflict.

Our peacebuilding in Nigeria

We have been supporting peacebuilding and conflict prevention in Nigeria since 2011.

Our programmes contribute to greater social cohesion and increased capacity to prevent and manage conflict.

Our flagship reintegration programme for women and girls who were held captive by Boko Haram is reducing stigma and reshaping negative gendered attitudes to sexual and gender-based violence.

We are supporting youth and communities to reduce the push and pull factors for joining extremist groups, and are working to improve the conduct of security forces and their relationships with civilians.

We are also supporting the development and implementation of policies on women, peace and security, and providing technical assistance on conflict and gender sensitivity to national and international partners.


The journey of Boko Haram survivors

This film chronicles the journey of Boko Haram survivors and their reintegration and acceptance back into their communities, with the help of International Alert.