Breaking the binary: LGBT+ inclusive approach to the women, peace and security agenda in Nepal and Myanmar - International Alert

Breaking the binary: LGBT+ inclusive approach to the women, peace and security agenda in Nepal and Myanmar

This report presents the findings of a study into LGBT+ inclusive approaches to conflict and the women, peace and security (WPS) agenda.

It is based on two vulnerability assessments of the LGBT+ communities in Myanmar and Nepal, including interviews with LGBT+ people, LGBT+ key officials and activists, gender experts and representatives from women and youth-led organisations. The report also draws on the outcome of five dialogue sessions between LGBT+ and women’s rights and youth organisations in both countries.

The assessments identified key lived experiences of LGBT+ people and perceptions of women’s rights and youth activists, as well as other relevant stakeholders on LGBT+ issues.

Myanmar and Nepal each have specific socio-political and conflict contexts.

The shrinking of the political and public space since the February 2021 military coup in Myanmar, combined with the negative economic and social impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, have contributed to further marginalising sexual minorities and other vulnerable groups.

Comparatively, Nepal is considerably more advanced than Myanmar in terms of LGBT+ rights. Over the post-conflict period of the Comparative Peace Accord followed by Nepal’s federalisation, the country has adopted progressive national legislation and legal provisions in the constitution for a third gender identification.

There are, however, essential similarities between the issues faced by the LGBT+ communities in both countries. The key issues identified by the project across both contexts are: identity and citizenship; social stigma, violence and exclusion; lack of equal participation in decision-making; and lack of equal economic opportunities.

The assessments also examined the linkages between WPS and LGBT+ issues and some of the obstacles to the integration of LGBT+ issues into the WPS and broader gender equality agenda in both countries.

Watch the report launch webinar to hear more about LGBT+ experiences of peace and security in Nepal and Myanmar.


International Alert is grateful for the kind support of our donors.