Conflict sensitivity in Myanmar

Experiences from local and community development practice

Summary:

Communities in Myanmar have suffered from decades of internal armed conflict and intercommunal tensions. Now, the country is experiencing a sharp increase in international development assistance, especially since the transition to civilian government.

Development projects are being implemented by a wide range of actors (government, private sector, ethnic armed organisations, donors, multilaterals, NGOs, civil society, etc.) and a significant number of these projects fall under the broad category of local or community development initiatives.

In light of the conflict context in Myanmar and the potential impact of development activities on this context, it is vital that development actors recognise the inevitable impact of development assistance on conflict and peace, and that interventions are designed, managed, implemented and monitored in a conflict-sensitive manner.

This series of reports by the United Nations Development Programme, on which International Alert acted as a technical partner, offers experiences and lessons learned from integrating conflict sensitivity into local and community development programmes from organisations in Myanmar and from UNDP globally.

It also includes guidance for use by organisations approving, designing, implementing or monitoring local and community development projects or programmes in Myanmar.