Beyond stabilisation: Understanding the conflict dynamics in North and South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo

This report analyses 13 large-scale conflicts occurring in four geographic areas in North and South Kivu, in the territories of Beni, Kalehe, Mwenga and Walunga in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

The aim of this report is to better understand the local dynamics of the conflicts and their structural causes. In particular, the report seeks to suggest entry points for reflection and intervention, which could strengthen the impact of peacebuilding actions, particularly the new phase of the International Security and Stabilization Support Strategy (ISSSS 2013–2017).

These large-scale conflicts are primarily over land and power and often reveal, to a greater or lesser degree, an identity-related dimension – whether between families, clans or ethnic communities.

This analysis is based on the documentation of local conflicts carried out by 15 peace committees that were put in place (or strengthened) in 15 villages as part of the Tufaidike Wote project. It is also based on field visits and meetings with members of these committees, civil society representatives and local authorities.