In 2006 the government of Nepal and Maoist insurgents signed a Comprehensive Peace Accord which ended 10 years of civil war. The agreement established Nepal as a democratic republic and set the vision for a just and inclusive state.
Since then Nepal has made great strides in improving security, justice and inclusion in the country, and the Maoist forces have been disarmed and demobilised. The risk of a renewed insurgency is low. However, political in-fighting continues to hamper progress on key decisions in the country.
The failure of the Constituent Assembly to agree a new constitution by the May 2012 deadline has led to the dissolution of parliament and an extended political crisis, with local and national politics becoming increasingly fragmented. The implementation of the peace process is therefore on hold and policy commitments are not able to be fully met. Nepal’s peace process is also being affected by a rise in inter-communal tensions and identity-based interest groups, increasing politicisation of the state and civil institutions, and an intensifying politico-criminal nexus.
In this context, there are a number of important priorities for supporting peace in Nepal. These include helping to create the conditions for equitable economic growth – including establishing basic rule of law and security – and keeping the political-level peace process, as well as the drafting of the new constitution, on track.