This study highlights a range of insights and opportunities to enhance how the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank approach project financing in fragile and conflict-affected situations.
In Nepal we help people tackle the root causes of insecurity and build the conditions for sustainable peace.
We bring together citizens, youth groups, businesses, the police and government to improve public security and access to justice, especially for the poor and marginalised. We work with journalists to support a safe, responsible and independent media. We work with international institutions to help them deliver aid in a conflict-sensitive way. We also research the impact that climate change is having on local communities and advocate for ways to mitigate these effects.
Our work is important because without fair and equal access to security and justice in Nepal, sustainable peace is not possible.
We have been working in Nepal since 2001.
In 2006 the government of Nepal and Maoist insurgents signed a Comprehensive Peace Accord which ended 10 years of civil war. The agreement established Nepal as a democratic republic and set the vision for a just and inclusive state.
Since then Nepal has made great strides in improving security, justice and inclusion in the country, and the Maoist forces have been disarmed and demobilised. The risk of a renewed insurgency is low. However, political in-fighting continues to hamper progress on key decisions in the country.
The failure of the Constituent Assembly to agree a new constitution by the May 2012 deadline has led to the dissolution of parliament and an extended political crisis, with local and national politics becoming increasingly fragmented. The implementation of the peace process is therefore on hold and policy commitments are not able to be fully met. Nepal’s peace process is also being affected by a rise in inter-communal tensions and identity-based interest groups, increasing politicisation of the state and civil institutions, and an intensifying politico-criminal nexus.
In this context, there are a number of important priorities for supporting peace in Nepal. These include helping to create the conditions for equitable economic growth – including establishing basic rule of law and security – and keeping the political-level peace process, as well as the drafting of the new constitution, on track.