This paper was originally presented at the Global Development Network Conference in Bonn, 5-8 December 1999 discussing approaches in conflict impact assessment and early warning. Given the background that most violent conflicts nowadays are taking place in developing countries, the paper highlights the isssues of socially sustainable development, negative effects of aid and reactive approach to conflict.
This paper presents the findings of research into Shell’s approach to corporate social responsibility activities at both headquarter level and in Angola as a case study of stakeholder perspectives on existing corporate practice and opportunities in supporting peace.
This report seeks to document governmental and civil society activity in Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal with regard to the control of SALW. The case studies provide an overview of the main sources of SALW proliferation.
<p>INTERNATIONAL ATTENTION has turned in recent years towards understanding the economic dynamics of conflict – with a particular emphasis on the ways in which natural resource exploitation can fuel armed violence. Research into these dynamics has emerged from a spectrum of actors – from major multilateral institutions such as the World Bank, to both Northern and Southern based NGOs.
This report is a mapping of the situation regarding the control of small arms and light weapons (SALW) in three Central Asian Republics: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Despite a number of potentially escalating factors, such as authoritarian governance, poverty, ethnic tensions, corruption and resource competition (especially over land and water), Central Asia has remained largely peaceful, with the exception of the 1992-97 civil war in Tajikistan and a number of small-scale clashes, mostly in the Ferghana Valley and the bordering areas.
This report looks at the factors that drive international development organisations towards or away from integrating conflict analysis into their programming.
<p>International Alert welcomes the opportunity from the European Commission to comment on the<br /> “provisional draft non-paper” on EIDHR programming for 2005-2006. Below we have outlined some<br /> recommendations for thematic and sub-thematic priorities, for indicators and some lessons learned of<br /> implementing EIDHR funding which we hope will contribute to this process.</p>
International Alert and Pole Institute have initiated a process to connect the experiences and perspectives of Congolese from different parts of the country with national and international policy processes. This report provides a summary of the Brussels seminar held in March as the first step in this process of policy dialogue.
International Alert works for peace in war-torn and war-threatened countries in Africa, Asia and Eurasia. In 2003 we continued to work on more than forty projects - both with our partners in regions affected by conflict and at the advocacy and policy level.
The aim of this report is to provide an overview of the discussions held and the progress made in the first phase of the work of the Small Arms Consultative Group.
Это результат восемнадцати месяцев исследований и анализа, направленных на изучение того, как более полное понимание существующей экономической ситуации в регионе может способствовать решению региональных конфликтов.
This book is the product of an 18-month period of research and analysis that aimed to explore how a better understanding of the region’s current economic dynamics might contribute to the resolution of its conflicts.
This report analyses the interaction between the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline and its political context in the South Caucasus, with particular reference to the frozen conflict over Nagorno Karabakh.
This report investigates Sri Lankan perceptions of the role of business in society, and businesses’ own perception of this role, including its potential in supporting social, economic and political development. It also explores whether corporate social responsibility (CSR), as presently understood by businesses and the wider community, can be a useful entry point for Sri Lanka’s private sector to contribute to peace.
If policy-makers are to secure the maximum benefits from private investment, they need to understand how different companies and sectors view opportunity and risk, and find ways to assess their overall impact in post-conflict settings.
This paper examines the relevance of gender for the effective implementation of the 2001 UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (PoA).
This report is part of a wider effort by the Biting the Bullet project organisations and their partners to raise awareness and promote effective responses to the risks associated with SALW ammunition. It focuses particularly on the issues of safe and secure storage and disposal of ammunition.
This is an armed and warring world. There have been over 125 armed conflicts of varying scale since the end of the Cold War at the end of 1989, with a combined death toll in that period of at least 7 million people, of whom 75 percent are generally estimated to be civilians. Forty armed conflicts were active during the course of 2004. The vast majority of these armed conflicts are not between states but within them, albeit usually with external involvement.
<p>The world today is experiencing a new type of armed conflict, different from the more traditional war between nations. These new conflicts are characterised by the ‘privatisation’ of violence6 and the use of private armies, community self-defence groups and paramilitary forces, but above all by ethnically-based militias – combatants who have no regard for international agreements and protocols, who attack civilians and take them hostage.