This working paper focusses on the gendered impacts of the proliferation of portable weapons which must be considered in the development of any initiative on disarmament, demobilisation and conflict transformation.
The UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects was the first of its kind, and its achievement in generating political will and momentum for efforts to control small arms light weapons (SALW) is important. Although many of the commitments agreed in its Programme of Action (PoA) are less comprehensive than hoped for, it is clear that the UN Small Arms Conference has contributed to a better understanding of the nature of the illicit trade in SALW and of the particular concerns and priorities of different countries and sub-regions. The Biting the Bullet (BtB) project published thirteen briefings on issues that were addressed in the final PoA of the UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. The extent to which the recommendations put forward by the BtB project were adopted, varies from issue to issue
This monograph is a modified version of a background paper prepared for a conference that took place in Ottawa, Canada in May 2001, bringing together representatives of the Member States of the Organization of American States (OAS), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society to discuss issues related to the July 2001 United Nations (UN) Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (hereafter referred to as the UN Conference).
This study examines the activities and identifies the organisations that have been involved in the work against the illicit trafficking of small arms following the July 2001 UN Conference on the Illicit Trade of Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its Aspects.
The aim of this document is to highlight practical steps that the EU could take during the Greek and Italian Presidencies in 2003 to better implement and monitor the progress of the commitments made on conflict prevention. The paper is aimed to provide support to the Presidencies, to member states, the Commission, the Council, parliamentarians and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in furthering the role of the EU in preventing violent conflict. The paper outlines five key issues for EU member states and the Commission to address during the Greek and Italian Presidencies to enhance the EU’s capacity to prevent violent conflict, namely mainstreaming conflict prevention policy and practice within European Community policy, strengthening EU-Africa engagement in conflict prevention, integrating crisis management with conflict prevention, tackling terrorism, organised crime and illicit trafficking and enhancing co-ordination across EU institutions.
This report assesses the regional, governmental and civil society trends and capacities to lessen the illicit transfer and misuse of small arms in Central America.
El presente informe documenta los mecanismos e instituciones relevantes al control de armas pequeñas en MERCOSUR incluyendo los dos países asociados, Bolivia y Chile.
This report seeks to document mechanisms and institutions important to small arms control in MERCOSUR, including the two associate members, Bolivia and Chile. With the exception of Brazil, where the small arms issue is a priority in the public policy arena, and at the centre of political debate involving a mobilised civil society, the small arms control issue in the MERCOSUR region is still subsumed within general concerns over public security or citizen security.
<p>The European Security Strategy (ESS) commits the EU to using a wide range of instruments in order to prevent violent conflict. Its comprehensive nature is one of its strengths, however, greater analysis of how the EU’s “hard” and “soft” instruments will be applied during the implementation of the Strategy is needed. There is the risk that Member States will pay increasing attention to developing military aspects of the Common Foreign and Security Policy, rather than civilian, and preventive responses, without which, military engagement is counter-productive.</p><p> </p>
<p>This report documents the processes and outcomes of a needs assessment carried out with women in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria between the 12th and 20th of July 2002. The Niger Delta region has been subject to a three-pronged conflict between communities, oil companies and the Nigerian government, as well as facing conflict within communities.
The West Africa Programme at International Alert (IA) has been actively working with partners from the region for many years in seeking to transform conflicts in the area through projects that contribute to bringing about social justice and peace. We are very much aware that other actors have also played a role in conflict transformation in the region. This overview is designed to provide an insight into the history of IA’s work there, particularly since the inception of the West Africa Programme in 1998.
<p>Over the last ten years the states in the region have had different capacities and different motivations to deal with the SALW issues, and understandably have made different levels of progress in addressing them. As post-Soviet transition states have stabilised, their ability to enforce their international obligations with relation to the export of SALW has improved. The restructuring processes in the defence industries of these states as a result of the end of the Cold War have meant that the number of weapons being produced in this area has reduced.
<p>The goal of this policy briefing is to provide a focused look at the challenges and obstacles to ensuring gender justice and accountability in the context of international peace support operations1 (PSOs) and to provide recommendations for UN and regional peacekeeping bodies (AU, ECOWAS, EU, NATO, OSCE) officials, responsible for peacekeeping in terms of setting policy standards and practice guidelines, as well as those directly involved as military or civilian peacekeepers. It approaches the issue of gender justice (see definition in section (iv)) in PSOs from three angles:</p>
The aim of this document is to highlight practical steps that the EU could take to better link the progress being made with its developing European Security and Defence (ESDP) operations and crisis management with longer-term conflict prevention.
This briefing argues that the institutional and legal response by the international community to the mercenary problem as it is manifested today is inadequate and urgently needs to be addressed. In recent years mercenary activity has changed radically to take on new and complex forms which fall outside the existing institutional and legal frameworks for mercenaries.
This paper has been written by Saferworld, International Alert and the International Development Research Centre for the OECD Task Force for Conflict, Peace and Development Co-operation and the CPR Network. It draws on the findings of these organisations’ research, policy dialogue and field work on approaches to peace and conflict-sensitive development, and has been informed by a Consultative Meeting held in Ottawa in November 2000. This Meeting was attended by government, academic and civil society experts from around the world.
This briefing, the second in the Biting the Bullet series, reviews some of the current regional efforts on small arms and light weapons. It identifies common approaches that have been used in different regions to counter the proliferation and misuse of small arms and light weapons, these include: law enforcement and crime control; supplier restraint and transparency; national legislation and regulation of arms; and arms reduction and control. The briefing analyses initiatives using these approaches that are moving forward in West Africa, Eastern and Southern Africa, the European Union (EU), and the development of cooperation between EU Member States and other countries and regional organizations, including Cambodia and the Southern African Development Community.
In it's aim to inform the Plan of Action (PoA) of the UN 2001 conference on Illicit Trade, this briefing from the Biting the Bullet series claims that the conference should aim to achieve agreement on a number of specific commitments, relating to: conducting regular reviews of national small arms holdings; identifying and disposing of surplus arms; adopting a norm for the destruction of surplus small arms; promoting transparency and awareness of surplus arms destruction processes; acting with great restraint in authorising transfers of surplus small arms; requiring responsible disposal of small arms that are rendered surplus by transfers; ensuring destruction of all confiscated, collected or inadequately marked small arms; ensuring responsible disposal of surplus parts and components and ammunition; requesting early assistance where necessary for implementation of commitments; and providing assistance in response to such requests.
This report focusses on the need for the UN 2001 Conference develop its own programme of action, while also seeking to build on the international norms and standards which have been developed during the course of the Protocol negotiations. It holds that the Conference thus will be an important opportunity to add another element to the comprehensive framework necessary for effective global action to combat the proliferation and misuse of small arms and light weapons.