This summary report presents the main findings of a research programme on ‘EU cooperation with politically fragile countries’. It centres on the main trends and innovations that were identified in the field with regard to development cooperation with conflict-affected countries. It also draws practical conclusions on the options for improving the overall performance of EU support to these countries.
Africahas suffered a total of one third of global armed conflicts over the past decade. The bottom 27 countries in the UNDP’s human development index are African and there are an estimated 6.1 million refugees and 20 million internally displaced persons across the continent. Now, more than ever, an effective EU-Africa partnership is required to address the underlying and proximate causes of conflict, insecurity, instability and underdevelopment to effect a demonstrative, positive and sustainable impact on the ground.
This report is the first in a series of sub-regional mappings of Eastern Eurasia (the other two being the Black Sea Region and Central Asia). It profiles the national control agreements and capabilities to address matters pertaining to small arms and light weapons (SALW) in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE).
This report argues that the Communication on the Participation of Non-State Actors in EC Development Policy neglects the important contribution and role that non-state actors with a conflict prevention focus can make to sustainable peace and development as well as the particular sensitivity required when engaging non-state actors in conflict affected areas. Greater emphasis and understanding of how development processes impact, and are impacted by, conflict dynamics, would both strengthen the debate, and ultimately improve the effectiveness of EC policy.
This report provides an initial review of progress towards implementation of the 2001 UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects. It outlines and assesses progress towards implementation of the PoA, drawing on data gathered for 156 countries and analysing relevant national, regional and international processes. It aims to provide a broad and reliable overview of progress and illustrate experiences across each of the regions, to identify emerging strengths and weaknesses and contribute to on-going efforts to promote wide and effective implementation of the PoA.
This report aims to synthesise the findings to date of International Alert’s WomenBuilding Peace: Sharing Know-how Project. It makes use of a varied set of project activities (including conferences, key-informant interviews, documentation from partner organisations, and the deliberations of the Sharing Know-how Workshop held in Oxford in November 2002) as well as a range of sources drawn from literature on the emerging theme of women and peacebuilding.
This report consolidates the outcomes of the EU Rome seminar in July 2003 on conflict prevention, management and resolution in Africa and a background discussion paper prepared for the delegates by a variety of European and African authors.
International Alert is committed to the just and peaceful transformation of violent conflict. In order to do this we work at local, national, regional and global levels to enhance the capacity of individuals, peace networks, constituencies and organisations to solve their own problems and build sustainable peace. We analyse the problems in conflict zones on the basis of this work and advocate policy changes that address the root causes as well as the symptoms of violence. This report covers our activities for the year 2002-03.
International Alert's Security and Peacebuilding Programme decided to organise a meeting with IANSA and Viva Rio with a specific focus on small arms advocacy in MERCOSUR, inviting members of civil society organizations, the media and members of parliament from the region to participate. The following is a report on the main conclusions and actions from this meeting, held June 19 – 20 in the facilities of FLACSO Argentina in Buenos Aires.
Private sector activity – including both licit and illicit trade and business – is a significant factor influencing the shape and intensity of many conflicts. With a few significant exceptions, however, there has to date been little effort (from public, private and civil society sectors alike) to engage different types of private sector actor systematically in conflict prevention.
<p>This report aims to map the small arms control practices in five countries of the Black Sea region (which, for the purposes of the report, include Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Turkey and Ukraine). This is the area which has been serving as one of the hubs for arms proliferation, with both legal and illegal arms transfers taking place.</p><p> </p>
This paper summarises current debates on conflict, aid and peacebuilding and suggests that humanitarian agencies can go beyond avoiding negative impacts on conflict (‘do no harm’), to contributing positively to conflict transformation and peacebuilding (‘do good’) in a way that respects their core mandates and key humanitarian principles.
THIS REPORT SHEDS analytical light on the complex linkages between economic factors and the conflict in Mindanao, and on the possible role of local business leaders and their associates in communities or other sectors in the country in breaking these links. It also explores options for government in addressing these dynamics.
Cet En Bref dresse le décor dans lequel les acteurs impliqués s'efforceront de traduire les approches régionales émergentes en matière de prévention des conflits concrètement et sur le terrain.
This In Brief article exams EU policy on conflict prevention and the instruments at the Union's disposal, exploring how these instruments can be used to support African initiatives to counter conflict. This article is available in French.
This report describes in broad outline the current state of formal education in Burundi, with particular reference to primary and secondary schooling. The issues of access to education and the quality of that education are examined, as well as the role of the state and donors in funding the system. The report does not pretend to provide answers to what is a major challenge for the future of Burundi, but it raises some of the main issues now facing the country in this crucial sphere.
This working paper focusses on the gendered impacts of the proliferation of portable weapons which must be considered in the development of any initiative on disarmament, demobilisation and conflict transformation.
The UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects was the first of its kind, and its achievement in generating political will and momentum for efforts to control small arms light weapons (SALW) is important. Although many of the commitments agreed in its Programme of Action (PoA) are less comprehensive than hoped for, it is clear that the UN Small Arms Conference has contributed to a better understanding of the nature of the illicit trade in SALW and of the particular concerns and priorities of different countries and sub-regions. The Biting the Bullet (BtB) project published thirteen briefings on issues that were addressed in the final PoA of the UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. The extent to which the recommendations put forward by the BtB project were adopted, varies from issue to issue
This monograph is a modified version of a background paper prepared for a conference that took place in Ottawa, Canada in May 2001, bringing together representatives of the Member States of the Organization of American States (OAS), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society to discuss issues related to the July 2001 United Nations (UN) Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (hereafter referred to as the UN Conference).
This study examines the activities and identifies the organisations that have been involved in the work against the illicit trafficking of small arms following the July 2001 UN Conference on the Illicit Trade of Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its Aspects.