Cette étude examine l’accès, l’utilisation et la gestion des terres ainsi que leurs rapports avec les causes principales de conflit dans les provinces du Nord Kivu, Sud Kivu et de l’Ituri dans l’est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC).
Ce rapport vise à combler un manque informationnel en identifiant les principaux sites miniers et en analysant les réseaux d’échanges commerciaux de l’arrière-pays de l’est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) situés dans le Maniema, le Nord-Katanga et la Province Orientale, et en analysant les réseaux de transport existant entre ces territoires et les centres urbains régionaux de Bukavu, Goma, Butembo et Bunia.
This report aims to fill an information gap by identifying the principal mining sites and analysing the trade networks of the ‘eastern hinterland’ of DRC, located in Maniema, North Katanga and Orientale province, and the transport networks from these territories to the regional hubs of Bukavu, Goma, Butembo and Bunia.
Ce manuel a été rédigé par un formateur de International Alert, sur la base des demandes et des apports du Réseau Haki na Amani. Il se base sur une formation de formateur organisée à Bunia, Ituri, en Décembre 2009, qui a réuni les formateurs du Réseau Haki na Amani et des membres du personnel de International Alert. Bien que ce manuel ait été rédigé par un formateur de International Alert, il inclut de nombreuses références à la pratique et à l’expertise en formation du Réseau Haki na Amani.
<p>The period after a conflict provides a unique opportunity to reform political institutions and processes in a way that will increase the opportunities for women to participate in decisionmaking. Much of the international peacebuilding effort to build sustainable and peaceful societies has focused on seizing this opportunity.<br />
This study examines access to, use of and management of land and its links with the root causes of conflict in the two Kivu provinces and Ituri in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
This practice note offers options for economic development planners and practitioners for promoting accountable and conflict-sensitive governance of natural resource wealth.
This practice note explains what economic development planners and practitioners can do to support the socio-economic reintegration of former combatants.
This practice note presents the possible impacts of political peace processes on post-conflict economic recovery and implications for economic development planning during these transition periods.
La centralité de la question foncière au Congo demande des études et des plans d’action adaptés. Le réseau congolais Haki na Amani et International Alert ont compilé un guide pratique de prévention et de résolution de ces conflits fonciers pour mieux les comprendre, et mieux répondre à ce type de conflit.
Poor governance of the security sector is a key obstacle to sustainable development and peacebuilding, and in recent years there has been an increasing recognition of these linkages by the donor community. Whilst undertaking security sector reform is ultimately the responsibility of governments and societies, donors can provide assistance to better support the reform processes. This report aims to assist donors to move from a broadly accepted policy framework to strategies for supporting comprehensive security sector reform programmes in developing countries through a coherent and co-ordinated approach.
L’objectif global de l’étude est d’Analyser les dynamiques du petit commerce transfrontalier des produits vivriers comme « économie de survie » en RDC et le Rwanda.
The aim of this paper is to advance the debate on socio-economic reintegration. It is designed to offer some key insights into issues affecting the reintegration debate and is based on our research in Burundi, Liberia and Nepal.
This case study, commissioned by International Alert, examines the governance of natural resources in São Tomé and Príncipe by focusing on the management, oversight and transparency mechanisms or structures set up to monitor oil revenues since 2007.
Arms embargoes are one of the principal tools of states in seeking to prevent, limit and bring an end to armed conflict and human rights abuses.This report from the Biting the Bullet series shows that despite the frequency with which arms embargoes have been imposed, there are significant problems with their implementation. Pressure is therefore growing for the international governmental community to act in order to ensure that the political commitment embodied by the imposition of arms embargoes is matched by the commitment to ensure their rigorous enforcement and to achieve enhanced human security on the ground.
This paper discusses the need, rationale and mandates for mainstreaming gender throughout Peace Support Operations (PSOs). It raises some of the challenges and suggests recommendations for assisting the process. At this critical time in the development of gender mainstreaming within PSOs it aims to contribute to the growing debate of how gender mainstreaming policy can be translated and entrenched in practice.
This paper highlights the main tasks and opportunities presented by the 'Bonn Agreement' recovery process as they relate specifically to the overarching aim of peacebuilding.The overall goal of the Bonn Agreement being sustainable peace, this paper deals only with issues of relief and reconstruction, which have a direct bearing on creating the conditions for peace.
The paper offers a brief overview of the definitions, processes and development of conflict early warning, and clarifies the issues surrounding the use of the terms gender and gender mainstreaming. It also examines the links that can be made between gender and early warning and identifies areas where the integration of a gender perspective can improve existing models.
Aid agencies are among a number of actors - governments and corporations being notable other examples - that are, increasingly, using private security companies in conflict situations. Whereas there has been considerable debate about the relationship between aid agencies and the military with regard to security management, little attention has been given to the increasing connections with the commercial sector in the form of private security companies. This report aims to open that debate.
This paper focuses on aid, conflict and peacebuilding in Afghanistan. It examines the history of humanitarian assistance, maps out some of the key actors and main characteristics of the aid system, and analyses the interaction between aid provision and the dynamics of violent conflict. In particular, it asks whether and how aid can support efforts to promote conflict prevention and peacebuilding.