Mechanisms of public participation and multi-track diplomacy in peace processes

Lessons from the Basque Country in the context of the Nagorny Karabakh conflict

This report outlines the findings of a comparative study by a group of experts from different sides of the Nagorny Karabakh conflict into the mechanisms for conflict transformation in the context of the Basque Country. Drawing on insights from extensive research and interaction with Spanish and Basque colleagues, the report presents findings on five key topics: healing and memory after violent conflict; the role of civil peace movements; social mediation and non-official international facilitation; democracy as a mechanism for conflict transformation; and constitutional regulation of relations between Madrid and the Basque Autonomy. It is the third in a series of reports by the Comparative Learning Unit supported by International Alert. (Русский)