How is a conflict and human rights impact assessment conducted?

Our conflict and human rights impact assessment (CHRIA) tool enables companies to better understand the connection between business operations, conflict dynamics (manifesting as conflict risks) and human rights impacts by providing an additional lens of analysis to complement and enhance standard human rights impact assessments (HRIAs).

The tool demonstrates how to conduct a conflict analysis as part of, or in addition to, HRIAs to identify conflict risks, and supports the identification of any actual or potential human rights impacts associated with these risks.

It also intentionally draws on a framework that allows for enhancing the opportunities for positive impacts, for example, through looking at positive resilience factors to help stakeholders better respond and adapt to changes or shocks resulting from the conflict.

How to use the CHRIA tool

The CHRIA tool can be used in two different ways:

  1. The tool can be used as a stand-alone to identify the human rights implications of conflict risks generated by company activities in conflict-affected settings.
  2. Alternatively, for companies conducting a general human rights impact assessment in conflict-affected settings, the section on conflict analysis can be lifted from the CHRIA and used separately to complement the assessment. In this way, the tool will enhance the human rights due diligence process by enabling companies to identify the full range of actual or potential human rights impacts associated with their operations and their conflict environment.

When to use this tool

There are certain triggers that should prompt companies into conducting a more detailed analysis of conflict risks and their actual or potential human rights impacts. Triggers for such an assessment include the following:

  • When operating in any of the four conflict settings described in Chapter 1.
  • When the project moves into a new phase of the lifecycle.
  • When there is a change in the conflict dynamics (e.g. underlying tensions escalate into violence; a peace agreement is signed; a political transition takes place).
  • When an incident with one or more stakeholders (e.g. employees, communities, local authorities, contractors) results in a stable operating environment becoming conflict affected.
  • When conflict dynamics and business operations result in incidents or concerns over the safety of human rights defenders or other stakeholders.

Using the CHRIA tool

The tool is divided into three parts (see above):

  • Part I presents a method for conducting a conflict analysis
  • Part II focuses on identifying the human rights impacts associated with the conflict risks
  • Part III provides guidance on how to assess the severity of impacts

We also have a CHRIA case study, which demonstrates how the tool is intended to work in practice.

Read more

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