The complexity of resource governance in a context of state fragility

The case of eastern DRC

This research report analyses the trading networks within the mining sector and their links to military, economic and political actors in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, focusing on the provinces of North and South Kivu, and Ituri district in Orientale province.

A host of publications over the last decade have highlighted the important role played by artisanal and small-scale mining of coltan, gold and cassiterite in the ongoing conflict in DRC, yet there is still little awareness of the modus operandi of the various actors involved in the exploitation and trade of these minerals.

It is vitally important that initiatives aimed at reforming the artisanal mining industry are based on a thorough knowledge of the political, economic and social dynamics at the grassroots level.