Why young Syrians choose to fight

Vulnerability and resilience to recruitment by violent extremist groups in Syria

Summary:

This report looks at what makes young Syrians vulnerable to recruitment by violent extremist groups in the Syrian conflict and explores sources of resilience to mitigate that vulnerability. It considers which mitigation approaches will have the most impact and makes recommendations for policy-makers and humanitarian, development actors. The report draws on data from a qualitative study examining the views and experiences of 311 young Syrians, their families and community members in Syria, Lebanon and Turkey. The study also includes desktop research, inquiry into online forums, as well as monitoring and evaluation data from peace education project activities conducted in 13 locations. Participants include individuals previously involved in armed groups in Syria, those thinking of joining, friends and family members of fighters, teachers and social workers.