This guidance addresses the question of how companies can ensure respect for human rights in their operations without exacerbating or generating conflicts.
Since International Alert published its 'Conflict-sensitive business practice' in 2005, the field of business and human rights has emerged as a highly influential area of theory and practice.
However, while there has been substantial uptake of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, particularly around company efforts to undertake more rigorous human rights due diligence, there is little available guidance on what this means for companies operating in conflict-affected settings.
This is significant, because in conflict-affected settings the likelihood and severity of human rights violations is considerably higher, and the most vulnerable members of society are likely to disproportionately experience more negative impacts and be less resilient to external shocks.
In these complex and volatile environments, thorough and robust human rights due diligence (HRDD) is all the more important, since companies cannot rely on standard approaches.
The guidance will do the following:
- Help companies from the extractive sector understand any conflicts in their operating context and identify the implications these have for HRDD.
- Provide tools, case studies and recommendations to help companies and other practitioners conducting HRDD in conflict-affected settings.
- Contribute to ongoing debates on business, human rights and conflict sensitivity.
The primary audiences of the guidance are those involved in overseeing or undertaking due diligence activities, including staff from extractive companies or practitioners, advisers and consultants working with extractives companies.
How to use
The guidance consists of the following chapters:
- Why conflict sensitivity matters for HRDD
- Getting started: Designing HRDD in conflict-affected settings
- Identifying and assessing conflict risks and human rights impacts
- What happens now? Acting upon findings
- Considerations for tracking and communicating
- Flashpoint briefing 1: Conflict sensitivity and the pre-investment stage
- Flashpoint briefing 2: Conflict sensitivity and supply chain due diligence
- How does human rights due diligence differ in conflict-affected settings?
- How is a conflict and human rights impact assessment conducted?
- Acting upon the causes and consequences of conflict
- Date:March 2018