Enok, Maasai pastoralist

"Due to development in Naivasha, there is now less grazing land and less access to the lake, so pastoralists cannot sustain their 100,000 heads of cattle. After the land reform, we can’t move north, south, east or west – we have nowhere to graze our animals.

Ninety-five percent of pastoralists’ needs come from their livestock, so they depend on their animals for everything. If you speak to a pastoralist, he will tell you the development in Naivasha has not been good, as it does not benefit him. I’ll give pastoralism 10 more years before it becomes extinct. I see this as a bad thing – we don’t have any other things to fall back on or any other lifestyle. Alternative farming is not suitable in semi-arid lands and climate change makes it harder to farm, as we don’t know when the rains are coming.

Pastoralists need to be educated that this lifestyle is not sustainable. However, they also need hard visible evidence on the dangers to the environment posed by huge herds of animals that they can see and believe – not just words. This should be done by the government. The government does not provide us with support in terms of education or alternative skills.

Large herds of animals are not the answer. You can still have animals, but not so many – smaller healthier and more productive animals are the only possible future.”

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