People were offered the opportunity to choose from eight reasons why people in their communities were motivated to violence. ‘Lack of jobs or the need to provide for their families’ topped the list, with nine countries ranking it number one.
When asked what type of violence concerned people the most, there were distinct similarities across countries alongside marked differences. With only a few exceptions, terrorism (in all its many interpretations) was rated as the top concern across the countries surveyed.
Despite global and national indicators, those in the most conflict-affected countries were often more optimistic when asked whether peace would get better or worse in the next five years. By contrast, it was the relatively peaceful, stable, middle- and high-income countries that were the most pessimistic about their prospects for peace.
The findings showed a clear public appetite for an approach to violence that moves beyond crisis response towards long-term conflict prevention, commonly termed ‘peacebuilding’. This approach seeks to deal with the underlying drivers of conflict while building societies’ capacity to deal with conflict peacefully.