Report on the proceedings of the Diamonds for Development Sub-Regional Conference.
Based on a series of visits to working diamond mines, interviews with diggers, mine owners, traders, exporters, government officials and NGOs, the report describes the current state of the diamond industry in West Africa, providing both an overview of the sub-region and detailed analysis of each country. It identifies possible ways of using diamonds as a tool for development rather than a fuel for conflict, including how to deliver a larger part of the revenue from diamonds to the miners themselves and to the rural communities that host them, plus strategies for making artisanal mine owners more efficient and profitable and less financially dependent on the traders who buy their stones. It also suggests ways of improving cooperation and harmonising diamond policy at the regional and international level.
This report is divided into two sections. The first section is a brief overview of the new context in Nepal resulting from the People’s Movement II of April 2006. The second section comprises the substantive part of the report and offers concrete recommendations for how donors can collaborate to support civil society in peacebuilding and conflict transformation. In the current context, greater focus has been given to recommendations based on collaborative donor support to civil society outside of Kathmandu.
The second issue of International Alert's newsletter.
Although Central Asia has remained relatively peaceful in the years since the break-up of the Soviet Union, there is still a considerable potential for conflict in the region. The Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding provides an in-depth analysis of conflict potential in Central Asia, from which it derives a peacebuilding strategy. The report focuses its attention on three states: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The regional context (Afghanistan) and the influence and interest of major powers (USA, Russia, China) in the region are also taken into account, as are common regional factors like strict border regimes cutting through communities, the complex ethnic situation in the Ferghana valley, the drug trade and the threat of islamism. The headline conclusion is that the central threat to stability lies not, as has long been thought, in ethnic rivalries or competition over resources, but rather in the relationship between the citizens and the state.
This report is the product of field research and subsequent analysis carried out between July 2004 and July 2005 by a team of researchers from Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia as well as Nagorny Karabakh, Abkhazia and South Ossetia across the South Caucasus, facilitated by International Alert. Based on a series of one-to-one interviews and focus groups with a wide range of stakeholders, it examines the connections between corruption and frozen conflicts in the South Caucasus region, exploring corruption on all sides. It is the first systematic study of corruption from the perspective of conflict analysis and the first to include the unrecognised entities of the region.
The first Review Conference for the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat, and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects took place in July 2006. This Report identifies and examines key priorities for the 2006 Review Conference for the PoA. It particularly focuses on identifying realistic and potentially negotiable objectives for the Conference.
Until now the financial sector has had limited involvement in international debates on business and conflict. This background paper seeks to stimulate greater consideration of conflict risk and a more constructive path for project finance backed investments in conflict-prone regions. While there is a cluster of factors that point to project financiers’ particular exposure to conflict risk, the project finance community is at the same time well-placed to take remedial steps, to both protect their own investments and ensure that their business is not impacting negatively on those affected by violent conflict or the wider objectives of their own institutions. This paper looks at the connections between conflict and project finance, and explores how financial institutions may adopt a ‘conflict-sensitive’ approach to finance by improving their understanding of the two-way relationship between projects and violent conflict.
The paper aims to serve as background and analytical guidance for a conflict assessment of the Education for All programme in Nepal.
This panel discussion aimed to link the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 implementation five years on to the European focus on the implementation of 1325 and the related European Parliament resolution on the participation of women in peaceful conflict resolution.
An overview of International Alert's work in 2004-5.
The first issue of International Alert's newsletter.
This report examines the lessons learned from the three year Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Controls (MISAC) project which addressed the barriers to the implementation of international controls on small arms such as the 2001 Programme of Action and the UN Firearms Protocol as well as regional control measures such as the EU Code of Conduct, the OSCE Small Arms Document the OAS Convention and the ECOWAS Moratorium. It assesses the key barriers to implementation as well as drawing lessons learned from those countries and regions which have implemented these controls. It concentrates on the lessons learned from three regions, Eurasia, West Africa and Latin America.
Este reporte describe los puntos claves del aprendizaje comparativo recogido como resultado del Proyecto MISAC del Programa de Seguridad y Construcción de Paz de International Alert. El proyecto examinó el proceso de implementación de medidas regionales e internacionales de control SALW en Eurasia, América Latina y África Occidental. Este reporte sin embargo está diseñado para dar al lector una visión global y comparativa tanto de los impedimentos claves en la ejecución de los acuerdos de control SALW como de un entendimiento comparativo de los diferentes requerimientos que enfrentan los funcionarios que están implementando estas medidas. Este documento también está disponible en Inglés y Francés. Vea ‘Implementing International Small Arms Controls: Some Lessons from Eurasia, Latin America and West Africa' o 'La mise en oeuvre des contrôles internationaux sur les armes légères: enseignements issus d’Eurasie, d’Amérique Latine et d’Afrique de l’Ouest'.
Ce rapport expose en termes comparatifs les enseignements clés tirés du projet d’International Alert sur le suivi de l’application des contrôles des ALPC. Le projet a examine le processus de mise en ouvre des mesures régionales et internationales de contrôle des ALPC en Eurasie, en Amérique Latine et en Afrique occidentale. Chacun des rapports examinant un pays en particulier contient également des recommandations spécifiques et lecteur pourra se référer à ces rapports lorsqu’il souhaitera approfondir les enjeux liés au contexte propre d’un pays ou d’une région. Ce rapport est cependant conçu de manière à fournir au lecteur une vue globale et comparative des obstacles principaux à l’application des traites sur le contrôle des ALPC.
This Discussion Paper identifies and discusses emerging issues and priorities for the July 2006 Review Conference for the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat, and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects. It particularly focuses on identifying realistic and potentially negotiable objectives for the 2006 Review Conference.
This report assesses how the EU’s range of policy instruments and structures can more effectively be used to address the causes and consequences of fragile states and provides practical recommendations targeted at the EU Presidencies, the European Council, Commission and Parliament.
This report provides a comprehensive review of progress towards implementing the important commitments contained in the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects (PoA), drawing on data gathered for over 180 countries and analysing relevant local, national, regional and international processes. It aims to: provide a relatively comprehensive, analytical and reliable overview; illustrate implementation experiences across each of the regions; identify emerging strengths and weaknesses; and assess overall performance in implementing the PoA. It is a contribution to international debates, and to discussions at the 2005 Biennial Meeting of States and preparations for the 2006 UN Review Conference.
This report, based on a workshop on assessing impact, seeks to broaden the scope of peace and conflict impact monitoring by highlighting issues of concern to women, and by showing how these issues may enrich the field. It distils some of the experience and thinking of women's organisations engaged in peacebuilding on how - and why - they carry out impact assessment.
A report on the first ever Afghan consultation on the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security. The consultation was organised by International Alert's Gender and Peacebuilding Programme and the Afghan Civil Society Forum (ACSF).